Maha Shivratri 2022 – Maha Shivratri Date and Time 2022

Mahashivratri is one of the biggest festivals of Hindus. As per the South India Panchangam (Amavasyant Panchang), Maha Shivratri is celebrated on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight in the Magha month. On the other hand, as per the almanac of North India (Purnimant Panchang), festival of Maha Shivaratri is observed on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight in the Falgun month.

As per the Panchangam of both North as well as South, Mahashivaratri occurs on the same day. Hence, according to Gregorian Calendar, the date remains same in the entire India. On this day, devotees of Shiva worship him by offering Bael leaves to the Shivling, keeping fast, and staying awake whole night.

Mahashivratri Vrat Rules According To Scriptures

In order to observe Mahashivratri Vrat (fasting), following rules are mentioned in our scriptures:

1.   If the entire Nishithkaal is coming under Chaturdashi Tithi (fourteenth day as per Hindu Panchang) on the very first day, Mahashivratri is celebrated on the same day. The eighth Muhurat of night is called Nishith Kaal. In other words, if the eighth Muhurat of night is falling under Chaturdashi Tithi the first day, Mahashivratri is celebrated on that day only.

2.   If, on the next day, Chaturdashi Tithi touches the first part of the Nishithkaal and on the first day the Nishith Kaal is entirely coming under Chaturdashi Tithi, Mahashivratri is celebrated on the first day.

3.   Apart from the above mentioned 2 conditions, the fast will always be observed on the next day.

Legend Behind Mahashivratri Vrat

Many stories are famous about Shivaratri. As per the descriptions, Goddess Parvati had undergone a tough penance to get Shiva in her life as her husband. Mythological texts say – as the result of her hard efforts, Lord Shiva and Maa Parvati got married on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight of Falgun. This is the reason why Mahashivratri is considered very much important as well as auspicious.

Apart from this, Garuda Purana mentions the importance of this day with a different story. According to which, one day, a hunter went out to hunt with his dog, but he got nothing. Being tired and starved, he sat down near a pond. There was a Shiva Lingam under a Bilva tree. In order to give some rest to his body, he took some leaves from that tree. By chance, some of them fell down over the Shiv Ling. After that, he sprinkled the water of pond over his feet to clean them. Eventually, some of the water also got sprinkled over the Shiv Lingam. While doing all this, one of his arrows fell down. In order to pick it up, he bowed down in front of the Shivalingam. Like this, he completed the entire process of Shiva Puja on the day of Shivaratri unintentionally. After his death, when Yamadoot came to take his soul, people from Shiva?s army came to protect him.

If the unintentional worship of Shiva on the day of Mahashivratri gives such an amazing result, how it will bless us if we do it intentionally.

Mahashivratri Vrat Puja Vidhi

1.   Fill an earthen pot with water or milk. Put some Bael leaves, flowers of Datura-Aak, rice, etc. in it and then offer it on Shiva Ling. If there is no Shiv temple around then worship should be done by creating a Shivaling with mud at home.

2.   On this day, one should recite Shiv Purana and chant Mahamrityunjaya or 5-letter Mantra of Shiva Om Namah Shivaya. Additionally, one should stay awake throughout the night of Mahashivratri.

3.   As per the classical rituals, the best time to perform Mahashivratri Pujan is ?Nishith Kaal?. However, devotees can perform the Puja during all 4 Prahars of the night as per their convenience.

Astrological Viewpoint On Mahashivratri

Lord of the Chaturdashi Tithi (fourteenth day as per Hindu Panchang) is Shiva himself. That is why, in every Hindu month, the fourteenth day of dark fortnight is celebrated as Masik Shivratri (monthly night of the Shiva). In astrological classics, this day is considered extremely auspicious. As per the calculations of mathematical part of astrology, Mahashivratri takes place when Sun gets in Uttarayana and change of season also goes on. Astrology tells that on the fourteenth day, Moon gets weaker. As Lord Shiva has established Moon over his forehead, worshipping Him empowers the Moon of the worshiper. As Moon is the significantor of mind, it gives an additional benefit. In other words, worshipping Shiva gives strength to the will-power and induces unbeatable valor as well as toughness in the devotee.

The spiritual significance of Maha Shivaratri

Though there are many tales behind why this day is celebrated as Maha Shivaratri, the most believable tale is about how Lord Shiva was approached by Gods all over the world to protect them from a poison that the vast oceans were gurgling out hence posing a danger to their existence. In order to save them, Mahadev swallowed the poison himself and stored it in his throat with the help of a snake coiling around it. Gods thanked the Lord for saving them and after that, it is believed that whoever observes a fast on this day and honours Lord Shiva with devotion and faith, he or she is blessed life and health by the Lord himself.

The other tale revolves around Maha Shivratri is the reunion of Lord Shiva and Parvati on this day after the Gods reformed Sati, Shiva’s wife in the form of Parvati. According to mythology, Sati sacrificed herself to the sacred fire after her father insulted Shiva in front of all at an event in his own kingdom. This day is also referred to as the day of arousal of & Jyotirlinga & an avatar of Mahadev.

Rituals of Shivratri

Normally devotees take fast the whole day with an intake of only some fruits and milk during this time. At night, prayer is offered at the various temples of Lord Shiva and a special ritual of “Rudrabhisheka” is performed in which people bath the Lord with milk and present sweets and prayers. It is advised by priests and experts to meditate on this day and to recite “Om Namah Shivaya” as many times as one can during the whole day. Those women who are married perform special prayer and rituals on this day for the good health and well being of their husbands.

Maha Shivaratri in India

All over India, Lord Shiva is worshipped in various temples of which the most famous are Kalahasteeswara temple in Kalahasti, Andhra Pradesh, and Umananda Temple situated in the peacock island amidst the Brahmaputra River in Assam, Bhutnath Temple in Himachal Pradesh, Matangeshwar temple in Madhya Pradesh and Tarkeshwar temple in West Bengal. Infamous Sidhlingappa’s fair is organised during Maha Shivratri in Karnataka. In Kashmir, Maha Shivratri is also referred to as Hayrath or Vatuk puja after which a ritual of exchanging gifts is commonly observed among the local Hindus residing there.